Avid outdoorsman and underwater photographer, Barry Brown has spent the last 12 years documenting life above and below water in Curacao, Netherlands Antilles. He is currently working with the Smithsonian Institution documenting new Caribbean deep-water species and building a one of a kind database. His underwater images can regularly be seen in Sport Diver, Scuba Diver and on the Ikelite website. His image of a "Collage of Corals" seen under blue-light at night recently placed in the TOP 10 images for the 2014 NANPA (North American Nature Photographers Association) photo contest.
Archive for February, 2014
Feb 28, 14 Comments Off on Free-diving with Dolphins, Underwater Dolphin Video
Hey gang, it’s finally Friday!! I’ve been in the sea almost all morning photographing free-divers and dolphins out on the reef, talk about a total blast! This is Aimee with a very curious and whimsical baby dolphin, I’ll let you fill in the caption for this shot! Later this evening I will have Aimee write more for you about this cool shot we got this morning.
Alright! It is now evening, and this is Aimee behind the keyboard and the smile on my face is still as big as it was during this fun snorkel session with my BFF Alita! In the past you have heard many stories about Ritina, and this is her daughter. Alita is almost 2 (her birthday is March 12) and she is the funnest and most adorable creature on the planet. And, this is coming from someone that spends her life around dolphins! I have been in love with Alita since the day we did an unltrasound with Ritina and found out she was pregnant, and the last 2 years have been filled with me teaching her things and her teaching me things. On most days it is a pretty even trade.
Barry and I tried doing a snorkel with Ritina and Alita last week, but when they saw this scary, spider-looking camera in my hands they took off like bullets! They quickly made me understand that I was not going to just jump in the water with this new Ikelite housing and GoPro camera and start shooting. No way Jose! So, back to basic training…..I did some short sessions just holding the camera and rewarding and through time they relaxed more and more. With a bit of patience and some food and fun, they no longer seemed to care about my new human toy. As luck would have it, along came today and as soon as I got in the water, Alita and Ritina showed right up and had absolutely no signs of fear. Instead, Alita was just terribly curious and wanted to hang out and play. Well, game on! As momma Ritina kept a close eye on us, Alita and I started diving and just having a blast and doing all sorts of fun poses. We were in heaven! There were times when she would just pause, touch my hand with her pectoral fin and wait for the camera. I was laughing and laughing. Next we tried this fun pose…face to face! I would dive under (about 3-4 meters), wait for her and with some hand targets and quick on the fly training got her in the correct position in front of me. Then I gave her the signal for “open mouth” and presto! That little smarty-fins just did it! I was literally laughing underwater. We raced to the top, me hollering and telling her how smart she was, and she was jumping and screaming all around me in excitement. I am not sure who was having more fun!
So, to say the least; what a great morning and what a great day. Getting to spend the day with the finned friend you love is surely something special.
Aimee and Alita
Have a wonderful weekend, Barry
Feb 27, 14 Comments Off on Curacao Fishing Boats, Lionfish Sign, Curacao Marina’s
Good morning friends, yesterday after work a friend and I went over to the fisherman’s harbor at Caracasbaai with our cameras and had a blast walking around taking photos. I get so many requests for local topside pictures so I will try real hard to post something for you each week. Just about anywhere you go on the island you will see lionfish posters/warnings to all that are about to enter the water (top photo). These signs provide phone numbers, a visual ID and valuable information to an increasing problem here in the Caribbean, not just in Curacao. The second photo shows one of the countless handmade local fishing boats here on the island which can be found in every color and shape under the sun! The third photo is a name on the back of one of these local fishing boats and the last photo shows a bunch of them all together, you will not find one that looks the same.
The Caracasbaai peninsula is a 267-acre brownfield located along the southwest coast of Curacao and administered by the island’s government and the Curacao Ports Authority. Local fishing is still being practiced on Curacao and many local fishermen will gladly take you along to go fishing. In this respect, you get to learn a lot about the way fishing is done locally.
Sorry so short, I have to get out to the water for my daily dive!!
See you soon, Barry
Feb 26, 14 Comments Off on King Helmet, Cassis tuberosa, Queen Helmet
Hello friends, I was out in the water most of the morning and am finally back inside warming up. Our cool find today was a small, live 4-inch King Helmet, Cassis tuberoas shell. We don’t see these much around here mostly because they usually spend their days buried under the sand and only come out at night to feed. The top photo shows the bottom of the animal with it’s mantle and foot mostly retracted. The second photo shows our little King right side up, mantle/foot out and on the go leaving a trail of slime in his path, notice the cool operculum in the back. The third and fourth photos show his or her beautiful little eyes at the base of his tentacles. The weird looking thing in the middle of his eyes (up high) is the proboscis.
The King Helmet (Cassis tuberosa) is one of around 60-70 species in the gastropod mollusk family Cassidae (Helmet and Bonnet Shells), most of which (including the King Helmet) are found in shallow, tropical waters. Cassids feed on sea urchins and sand dollars that they encounter as they creep over the sand.
The King Helmet shell is buffy or rufous yellow, mottled and blotched with various shades of brown. In addition to the brown stain between the folds of the inner lip, and the strong teeth lining the outer lip, there is a conspicuous patch of bright chestnut toward the posterior end of the aperture. The outer lips are rolled over and strongly marked with brown patches.
The shell of the King Helmet is 10-23 cm high. It is triangular, large and heavy, and yellowish-brown, with irregular, dark brown, zigzag, or crescent-shaped markings. The spire is low. The body whorl is large, with three spiral rows of triangular knobs, and a strongly latticed pattern of fine axial and spiral threads. The parietal shield is thick and the outer lip wide, together forming a strongly triangular apertural shield; the shield is pale brownish to pinkish white, with a large brown spot near the aperture. The inner side of the outer lip has 11 strong, short teeth; the spaces between the teeth are dark brown; the outer lip has squarish reddish-brown spots.
The King Helmet feeds on sea urchins at night, apparently detecting its prey by chemoreception. It generally bores a single hole into the urchin test (the urchin’s external skeleon) by cutting out a disc with its radula (a finely toothed feeding structure common to many mollusks, including gastropods, such as Cassis). All the internal tissue of the urchin except the gut contents is consumed. Afterwards, varying proportions of the spines and tube feet are eaten.
Despite its toxic sharp spines, even the black sea urchin (Diadema antillarum) is attacked and eaten by the Helmet Shell (Cassis tuberosa). Cassis tuberosa actively pursues the urchin and appears to overwhelm it physically, despite the phalanx of spines that Diadema brings to bear on any point of attack. Even for the tough-footed Cassis, this is an impressive feat, since the microneedle points of the spines are extremely sharp. When feeding on an urchin, Cassis tuberosa uses its long proboscis to probe among the spines to reach the urchin’s body. Cassis also everts its proboscis when it is broken from its shell, and then usually squirts a jet of clear fluid in different directions, while thrashing its proboscis. This saliva is toxic to numerous marine organisms and conceivably could be used offensively as well as defensively.
The shell also goes by the name, Queen Helmet and Emperor Helmet.
Have a great day all!!!!
Feb 25, 14 Comments Off on Dolphins Underwater, Dolphins, GoPro, Ikelite, Snorkel
Good morning gang, so sorry again for the late mail but it has been a very busy morning! I did two dives already this morning and am now finally back inside where I can chill out and relax for the rest of the day or at least until 4:30, then it’s mountain bike time!!
By request I have another fun swimming with dolphins photo for you all today and YES, just for the record this is as fun as it looks!! This is one of our top trainers Zenzi doing two things at once, holding her breath and trying to keep up to the dolphins and filming them at the same time with the new state of the art Ikelite video tray and strobes made just for your GoPro. This is not as easy as it looks either, this girl can swim!!! What I usually do as I said yesterday is just kneel on the sand with a chosen background and wait for her and the dolphins to come to me, that way I’m not swimming around stirring up dust and scaring any dolphins. We did have a few babies in the lagoon I was in as well and they were so funny as they raced by me as if to say “lets see who can get closest to the scary diver man! The babies are also very vocal underwater and at times it’s so loud it hurts my ears, I know they are right behind me trying to kill me with their echo location! Most of the dolphins here at Dolphin Academy have been born in captivity and they all get trained to go out onto the open reef to do as they wish, no nets, no gates no nothing and yes they always come back! Why you ask, it’s simple, their family or pod is here and like us need socialization on a regular basis.
Sorry so short, lots to do like “Google, How to do a rain dance”!!! It’s so dry!
See you soon, Barry
Feb 24, 14 Comments Off on Free-diving with Dolphins, Snorkeling with Dolphins, Ikelite
Good morning from the Caribbean all!! I’m about as wiped out as a person can be this morning after a crazy busy, but super fun weekend! Saturday was all about the dogs!! I first took them for a three hour adventure on the trails overlooking Vaersenbaai and while I was there did some much needed trail cleaning to an area that never gets maintained. This is an area that has a wonderful mile and a half single-track trail way up high along the cliff overlooking the sea and is one of the prettiest trails in Curacao and few even know it’s there. After that I raced home and into work, got my dive gear and camera and met one of the dolphin trainers for a fun snorkel with the dolphins. When I do these dolphin shoots, I am in full scuba gear and the trainers are in bikinis, they bring the dolphins to me and all I have to do is enjoy the show! After the swim I met a friend and we took the dogs back out for another hour and a half adventure. We ended up walking over to the Jan Thiel salt ponds and hiking in to see the flamingos. Right now there are around 200 plus birds all in one area right now, it’s an amazing sight to behold! On Sunday I left the house at 6:30 am (still dark) and took off towards Porto Mari. I ended up riding under very overcast skies and high winds for about three hours, the best part of the ride was the trail at Vaersenbaai that I swept on Saturday, what a difference that made! After the ride I met Sytijn and off we went on a crazy fun dive on the reef, he looked for lionfish, I shot some GoPro video with the new Ikelite video camera setup. The dive was so fun, the water was crystal clear and there were fish everywhere, we really had a great time! After the dive I got ready for another swim with the dolphins as you see above, this time with Aimee and she was using the new Ikelite video camera which is so easy to use!
I am off on yet another dolphin swim right now with the girls, so I have to run!
See you tomorrow, Barry
Feb 21, 14 Comments Off on Yellow Frogfish, Longlure Frogfish, Frogfishes
Good morning mates, how are you all today?? I’m sure just knowing that today is Friday and a fun weekend is on tap is enough to make anyone’s day a bit better. I’m off on a long 3 hour training ride in the morning followed by an underwater photo shoot with free-diving bikini-clad ladies and the dolphins, again, some one has to do it! On Sunday I told Stijn we are not doing much trail work and for once going to have a great weekend of diving and relaxing, let’s see if things go as planned. Tomorrow is Aimee’s birthday so not sure what we will be doing, I do know she has to work so that kind of limits the adventure.
I have a bright yellow Longlure Frogfish, Antennarius multiocellatus that we found a while back on the Wannadive house reef in Bonaire. This one here was perched in a perfect area filled with small fish and lots of activity. To the fish he looks like a sponge, because of this all he has to do is wait and food will come to him, it’s honestly one of the coolest creatures in the sea!
Frogfish are considered bottom dwellers. They have the unique ability to mimic surrounding sponges by varying its background hue to match that of the dominant sponge in the area. It also has multiple ocellii (eye-like markings) that look like the openings in a sponge. The frogfish uses its stalked pectoral fins and its pelvic fins to slowly “walk” across the bottom. Frogfishes have been observed inflating themselves by filling their stomachs with air or water. This is a solitary species found in small populations. It is the most common frogfish species in the West Indies and harmless to humans.
These fish are a short, fat, globular species, it generally does not exceed 8 in (20 cm), though 5 in (13 cm) is seldom exceeded. Its skin is thick and covered in highly modified scales called dermal spicules. These spicules are prickly in appearance and resemble the warts of a toad. The frogfish has small eyes, a very large mouth that is directed upwards, and pectoral fins situated on stalks. The gill openings are very small and located behind the pectoral fins. The basic color of the longlure frogfish is highly variable, ranging from pale yellow to bright red or dark green to reddish brown. Black spots are scattered across the body no matter what the base color. Multiocellatus means “many eye-like spots” in Latin. It also has a phase where the body is completely black, except for the ends of the paired fins which are white, and for a pale area that resembles a saddle on the back. The second and third dorsal spines are separate from the others and covered in thick skin.
A unique feature of the frogfish family is that the eggs are spawned encapsulated in a buoyant mass of mucus, referred to as an “egg raft”. This structure may serve as a transport of moving a large number of eggs over a large geographical distances. Spawning can be dangerous for the frogfish due to the cannibalistic nature of the species. The male and female march across the bottom before spawning, with the female leading and the male close behind. His snout usually is in immediate contact with her vent. The female is bloated with eggs during this time, often swelling to twice her normal size. The pair will then make a dash to the surface and the egg mass bursts from the female. The frogfish may spawn several times over a few weeks.
A voracious ambush predator, it feeds mainly on fishes, but also on crabs and mantis shrimp. The name “longlure” is refers to the elongated illicium which acts as a fishing lure. The illicium is the first spine of the dorsal fin, highly modified into a long rod with a lure (esca) at the end. In most species, the esca looks like potential prey, such as a worm, crustacean, or even a fish. The frogfish will lie in a sponge and wait for a fish to swim by. It will then wiggle the lure around to attract the prey. It is capable of swallowing a fish that is larger in size than itself. Like a recreational human angler, the frogfish will move to a different location if no fish are biting. The frogfish is reported to be the fastest animal alive. It can move and suck in prey at speeds as quickly as 0.006 seconds, so only high-speed film can catch the action.
Have a great weekend, Barry
Feb 19, 14 Comments Off on Resting, Hiding, Sleeping Balloonfish, Diodon holocanthus
Good evening friends, I finally got a blog done at night, I am sooo happy!! I found this resting balloonfish today on our dive and thought it would be something of interest.
This is a sleeping or resting Balloonfish, Diodon holocanthus. We see this quite often and folks that are with me always ask afterwards, â€œwhat was the deal with the Balloonfishâ€?? Was he dead? Was he sick?? Nope, just resting I always say. It takes a lot of effort for a bulky awkward fish like a Balloonfish to stay in one place for any length of time as their bodies are like a floating bag of air with spines! So what do they do, they wedge themselves in between two rocks or under a big rope (above) where they can then just lay there and chill without having to fight to stay in one place. These fish are not the best of swimmers and rarely will be seen if there are rough conditions above. If the ocean is angry they will always find a cave or something to wedge themselves under like the one above and will stay there all day unless bothered. So divers keep your distance, you don’t want to scare one out of it’s hiding place, he may not go back and may have a hard time finding another place to hide.
Here are some fun facts.
The eggs of balloonfish move smoothly over the water surface at almost 96 hours before young ones are produced.
The adult balloonfish prefers to be alone while the juveniles stay in groups.
If threatened it has the ability to change colors or shades of light to dark.
They have big eyes that allow them to lurk for prey in the dark.
Their diet consists of hermit crabs, snails, coral polyps, sea urchins and mollusks.
It is a night-time/nocturnal predator that likes to stay out of sight during the day.
There are 19 different species of porcupinefish, a class under which balloonfish fall.
The entire body structure is imbued with coffee color spots while the unique tan coloring around the eyes is the hallmark of balloonfish.
When a balloonfish encounters danger and the attack is imminent, it responds with a display of magnificent spiny armor and fills its stomach with water. This process continues until the stomach bulges and the spines stand vertical. That is why it is known as a balloonfish because it turns itself into a balloon when it is scared.
Off to bed, have a great day!!
Feb 19, 14 Comments Off on Peppermint Goby, Coryphopterus lipernes, Gobies
Hi friends, late start again today, I really have to get back to doing the blog in the evenings, would be so much easier! I just got back from a fun but cold dive with my friends from Sweden. I took my 105 macro out this morning and worked on searching for just brain corals and then looking for more “coral letters” for my growing collection. Today I finally found a “J, X, O, and a B” so I officially have about half of them. Almost every colony of coral I looked at had at least one of these tiny, one-inch Peppermint Gobies parked somewhere on it, you just had to really stop and look. Their distinctive features include a yellow-gold to translucent body, a beautiful electric blue wash on snout and several pale lines ranging from red to olive found behind the eye and on forebody. This is a common fish seen perched on coral heads in the Florida Keys, Bahamas, and the Caribbean. Usually when I first approach these little fish they will swim off to another part of the coral but if you stop and wait they will always come back, they are very curious.
The gobies form the family Gobiidae, which is one of the largest families of fish, with more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera. Most are relatively small, typically less than 10 cm (4 in) in length. Gobies include some of the smallest vertebrates in the world, such as species of the genera Trimmatom nanus and Pandaka pygmaea, which are under 1 cm (3/8 in) long when fully grown. Some large gobies, such as some species of the genera Gobioides or Periophthalmodon, can reach over 30 cm (1 ft) in length, but that is exceptional. Generally, they are benthic, or bottom-dwellers. Although few are important as food for humans, they are of great significance as prey species for commercially important fish such as cod, haddock, sea bass, and flatfish. Several gobies are also of interest as aquarium fish, such as the bumblebee gobies of the genus Brachygobius. Phylogenetic relationships of gobies have been studied using molecular data.
The most distinctive aspects of goby morphology are the fused pelvic fins that form a disc-shaped sucker. This sucker is functionally analogous to the dorsal fin sucker possessed by the remoras or the pelvic fin sucker of the lumpsuckers, but is anatomically distinct; these similarities are the product of convergent evolution. Gobies can often be seen using the sucker to adhere to rocks and corals, and in aquariums they will stick to glass walls of the tank, as well.
Lots to do, Barry
Feb 18, 14 Comments Off on Hidden Fish, Animals that Blend in, Scorpionfish
Hi friends, we are back!! Many of you noticed and sent a mail off to me yesterday saying the site was down and could not be opened and for that I say thanks!! So what has happened is we moved our site from one host to another in hopes of better customer service and now as many of you noticed we are live thanks to Hostmonster!!
What did you all do this weekend?? Feel free to actually answer that question, we love to hear from you guys and gals! My weekend was filled with 3 things, mountain biking, trail building and baby turtles! Ah, that last one caught your attention didn’t it?? Some of you know we have four baby Red Footed tortoises and I finally built them a new outdoor sanctuary! For a year or more we have had these cute little 4-6 inch baby tortoises upstairs on our balcony in two different wooden boxes. The boxes are filled with dirt and have great caves and of course a pool for each one. Well, we found out through research that the dirt we have been using is too dry and can cause them to have breathing problems so upon reading that we decided to just re-do the boxes and build them a fun outdoor park of their own. Syijn helped me all day Sunday. He made a beautiful protective cover with metal screen and a wood frame that will keep dogs or Iguanas out while I worked on framing the area in brick, making a pool, building caves and bringing in lots of fresh soil and mixing it with leaves, it looks great and they love it! Since they are still small I will bring them upstairs every night before dark and put them back into their little protective homes for the night. These turtles have turned out to be a whole lot of work and have to be watched closely. Our biggest fear is having them flip over and not be able to get back on their feet, I seriously don’t know how these things survive in the wild?? And yes, I know I have promised to get photos for you, so hang in there a little longer, I will get them out for a photo shoot!
I have a mega camouflaged Scorpionfish for you all today that I found the other night, this one was very hard to see!
Scorpaenidae, the scorpionfish, are a family of mostly marine fish that includes many of the world’s most venomous species. As the name suggests, scorpionfish have a type of “sting” in the form of sharp spines coated with venomous mucus. The family is a large one, with hundreds of members. They are widespread in tropical and temperate seas, but mostly found in the Indo-Pacific. They should not be confused with the cabezones, of the genus Scorpaenichthys, which belong to a separate, though related family, Cottidae.
Most species are bottom-dwellers that feed on crustaceans and smaller fish. Many inhabit shallow waters, but a few live as deep as 2,200 metres (7,200 ft). Most Scorpionfish, such as the stonefish, wait in disguise for prey to pass them by before swallowing, while lionfish often ambush their prey. When not ambushing, lionfish may herd the fish, shrimp, or crab in to a corner before swallowing. Like many perciform fishes, scorpionfish are suction feeders that capture prey by rapidly projecting a suction field generated by expansion of the fish’s buccal cavity.
Have a great day!
Feb 14, 14 Comments Off on Local Curacao Boy Flying a Kite, Curacao Toys
Good morning Amigos, HAPPY VALENTINES DAY!! I trust you all got your special someone a little something to say how much we love having you in our lives, if you didn’t you still have all day!! So, it’s finally Friday!! Ok, that doesn’t mean much to us here in vacationland where everyday is like a weekend but, for you hard working folks out there, I know Friday is a very welcomed day!!
Here is a young local Curacao boy flying his little kite, talk about fun to watch!! Because of our normal non-stop wind, kite flying is the #1 most popular hobby with the kids here, and most of the kites are handmade.
Sorry so short, more later.
Feb 13, 14 Comments Off on Colorful Punda, Curacao Art, Curacao Roadside Art
Hi all, I get more requests for “local topside” photos than anything else but for some reason never have a camera with me when driving around. So last evening at around 4:30 my friend Rebekka and I took off equipped with our trusty cameras and headed down to an area near downtown Curacao called Punda. Curacao is one of the oldest, most historical places I personally have ever been to, everywhere you look is dripping with history and local culture. The unique paintings we found along the streets all had something to do with slavery, chains and freedom which stems from hundreds of years of this island being the main port for slavery. Half the paintings we encountered we couldn’t even figure out what we were looking at but they were colorful and very interesting.
The island of Curaao was discovered by the Spanish in 1499 by Alonso de Ojeda, one of Christopher Columbus’ lieutenants. There are different explanations for the origins of the word Curaao. The most likely is that the Spanish called the island Corazon (heart) at some point. The famous Portuguese mapmakers of the time adopted this word into their own language as Curaau or Curaao. Today, the locals know the island as Korsow.
The island remained Spanish until the Dutch conquest of 1634. In the 17th century, the Dutch became leaders in the international slave trade. Africans were enslaved from their homeland and transported to Brazil and Curaao where they were sold to wealthy plantation owners from across the Americas. At that time, Curaao was one of the largest slave depots in the Caribbean. Today, however, the slave site is home to the Kura Hulanda museum, a remarkable exhibition on the horrors of the transatlantic African slave trade.
From the end of the 17th century to the beginning of the 19th century, there was a good deal of trading places between the British and the Dutch, with the French also trying to take over the island. The French came close to succeeding, but left after extorting a healthy ransom. In 1815, the Dutch regained control of Curaao, which had been in British hands since 1807. It wasn’t until the 1920’s and 1930’s that the largest influx of worldwide immigrants came and turned the island into the multicultural melting pot that it is. The colonial status of Curaao and the other islands of the Dutch Antilles changed in 1954, when the islands became completely self-governing within the Kingdom of the Netherlands.
Over the years, the interaction between the Indian, European, African, Asian, and Arabic cultures has influenced and brought about the development of Curaao’s unique society.
Lots to do, see you tomorrow.
Feb 13, 14 Comments Off on Ikelite Go-Pro Accessories, Ikelite VEGA Lights
Good morning friends, I apologize once again for the no blog yesterday but I had all kinds of projects going on and could not find time to hit the web. I spent the morning getting ready for a dive with our friend Emma (above) who is here on vacation with her family from Sweden. And since we were headed out to a beautiful reef I gave her my brand new, state of the art, Ikelite setup designed especially around the GoPro. This sweet little baby has two ultra powerful VEGA lights, a beautiful red aluminum tray and two cushy grips to hold onto, I mean really can it get any better than this?? Shooting professional quality underwater video’s used to be so far out of reach because of the cost involved, not anymore folks! These VEGA lights have 3 power settings and are as lightweight as they get not to mention super easy to charge, you don’t even have to take anything apart! What I’ve been doing is finding my subject, like a lionfish for instance and swim in very slowly with the GoPro already filming and set the tray on the sand in front or on the side with the lights on and just leave it there for a few minutes. I then usually swim away and watch from a safe distance, fish are much less afraid of the camera then of you and by setting it on the sand the video is crystal clear. And remember, you can easily adjust your lights up or down for the perfect amount of light on any subject, if fact what you visually see if what you get. For instance if your subject is light colored use less light and if it’s dark like a blue tang for instance you will have use more light, it’s simple, you will love it! There is also a pistol grip available for those of you wanting to film with one hand, the grip attaches easily with just one screw. Here is the Ikelite link for those of you wanting the best there is, http://www.ikelite.com/web_pages/gopro.html
The sea was beautiful yesterday, we swam around from one beautiful subject to another and hated to leave! You folks who have never shot video or photos underwater before will find a whole new World waiting to be recorded down there, it makes diving so much more fun and educational.
Have a wonderful day, Barry
Feb 11, 14 Comments Off on Different Color Patterns on Young French Angelfish
Good evening friends, so, so sorry about the mega-late blog today, way too much going on!! Aimee and I had to go to our local heath insurance provider called SVB this morning and sit with sick people for hours waiting for them to call our number. I was there to pick up my new card and Aimee who was actually sick needed them to verify she is sick so her work (Dolphin Academy) will pay her for the few days she has missed, it’s a major mess!!
I met some divers that said they saw two different species of French Angelfish, both about the same size but they each had different markings. So upon hearing this I nicely said; “there is only one French Angelfish” but as you have pointed out, it has many different color phases. As little babies, (juveniles) they are all black with neon yellow stripes and at this age are considered one of the top cleaning fish on the reef. As they get older the beautiful neon stripes slowly disappear (fish on the right) until one day the stripes are gone replaced with hundreds of yellow elongated spots like the fish of the left. As the fish enters adulthood, (terminal phase) the face will become a beautiful blue color, the body and fins will become black and it will be covered in those cool yellow, odd shaped spots. Color change is very common in many reef fish making it very hard to identify the juveniles from the adults.
The French angelfish is common in shallow reefs, occurs usually in pairs often near sea fans. It feeds on sponges, algae, bryozoans, zoantharians, gorgonians and tunicates. Juveniles tend cleaning stations where they service a broad range of clients, including jacks, snappers, morays, grunts, surgeonfishes, and wrasses. At the station the cleaner displays a fluttering swimming and when cleaning it touches the clients with its pelvic fins.
The adult background coloration is black but the scales of the body, except those at the front from nape to abdomen, are rimmed with golden yellow. Furthermore the pectoral fins have a broad orange-yellow bar, the dorsal filament is yellow, the chin is whitish, the outer part of the iris is yellow, and the eye is narrowly rimmed below with blue. Juveniles are black with vertical yellow bands.
This species is oviparous and monogamous. Spawning pairs are strongly territorial and usually both partners defend vigorously their territory against neighboring pairs. During the day you will mostly see these fish out and about, but come night they seek shelter in their designated hiding spot where they return every night.
Sponges constitute 70% of the species’ diet and since sponges are plentiful the fish is normally well fed. It covers sponge pieces in thick mucous to help digestion.
Have a great evening, more tomorrow, Barry
Feb 10, 14 Comments Off on Dolphin Tattoo, Dolphin Body Art, Bottlenose Tattoo
Good morning friends, talk about a disappearing weekend?? I swear my weekends go by 10 times faster here then they ever did in the States, must be because of all the non-stop fun stuff to do! Saturday morning we left the house at 6:30am and took the dogs to the North coast and while there I spent an hour and a half cleaning some of my old trails which are located at Saint Joris Bay. Why do I spend so much time cleaning trails you all ask? If I don’t do it no one else will, it’s just that simple. Unlike trails back home in the States, here you have a constant problem with these giant 2-3 inch, wooden thorns that fall from these crazy thorn trees, we call them “Pica’s”. So, if you hate flats as much as I do, it’s easier to just take a big broom and sweep them out of harms way, Curacao can just thank me later, HA!! On Sunday, Stijn, Dorian, his little bother Perre, and our friend Matthias all joined in the trail building fun at Jan Theil and they all helped me for 3 hours work on our newest, unopened trail. We are still a few months away from getting this new quarter mile section open, it is by far the hardest one yet. After swinging a pick and digging for hours we went on a nice relaxing dive, I shot some videos while Stijn hunted lionfish. In the evening I went back to the trail with the dogs and got in two more hours of trail work, every minute out there counts!
I have a fun dolphin tattoo for your viewing pleasure, something we see a lot of on this island and I try hard to photograph them all.
Headed out the sea, have a wonderful day!
Feb 7, 14 Comments Off on Hermit Crabs in Fossil Sea Shells, Curacao Crabs
Hi gang, one of the benefits to living on a Caribbean island is all the hermit crabs we find just about everywhere we go! In fact I have been known to stop my car on some of the busiest roads in Curacao and run out in the middle of the street with traffic stopped, just to save a crossing hermit. I found this guy above at my watering hole in the desert this morning and brought him to work for a quick photo shoot. What makes this one unique like so many others here is the shell he is wearing, it’s a real fossil!!. Our island is packed full of beautiful, extinct, fossil shells, you can find them coming out of the dirt just about anywhere you look on the island so if your a hermit crab or a fossil collector this is a good thing! During the dry season, these hermit crabs survive by digging themselves under the soil, hiding in caves or under rocks and are never seen during the day. During the wet season they are super active and can be found walking everywhere even during the day. The other night Aimee and I went out to the desert to our water station with flash-lights and counted over 100 hermits in one small area, which is crazy because during the day one would never even know they are there!
Hermit crabs are anything but hermits. They’re called hermit crabs because each one carries his shelter with him. In reality, hermit crabs are social animals that thrive in the company of other hermit crabs. They’ll climb over each other for fun and sleep in piles. In the wild, they live in large networks that facilitate the trading and sometimes outright stealing of each others shells.
The primary purpose of a hermits shell is to protect his or her soft abdomen, but it also helps them regulate their body fluids and hydrate their gills. Yes, hermits has gills, not lungs, so they don’t breathe like we do. Because of this, they require humid air to breathe, or they will slowly die of suffocation.
Sometimes a crab will decide they want another crab’s shell, instigating a shell fight. When a crab is looking to upgrade his shell, he’s most concerned with the shell’s opening size. He’ll test this by reaching inside the shell with his large claw. If the shell works, he’ll roll the shell around to dump out any debris and then start his transition which can take just a few minutes.
The life expectancy of hermit crabs is five to 15 years, but 25 years is not uncommon and some have lived in captivity for up to 40 years. Crabs who come home from the pet store only to live in small containers have much shorter lives, sometimes just a few months. Hermit crabs living in a suitable crabitat have a much greater chance of living long, healthy lives.
Crazy busy day at Substation today, dive, dive, dive!!!
Have a wonderful weekend, Barry